The Carnival of Venice, if not the most magnificent, is best known for the charm and exercising the mystery that continues to hold even now that 900 years have elapsed from the first document that refers to this famous festival.
Those who still speak sentirte? You have memories of the festivities of Carnival since 1094, under the dogato Falier for Vitale, in a document that speaks of public entertainment in the days preceding Lent. The official document declaring the Carnival is a celebration of the public in 1296 when the Senate declared a public holiday on the last day of Lent.
However, the Carnival has much more ancient traditions that point to ancestral cults of passage from winter to spring, cults present in almost all societies, think of Saturnalia Latin or Dionysian cults in which the motto was " Semel in anno licet insane " ( "Once a year is not permissible have brakes) and is similar to the spirit that animates the Venetian oligarchies and the ruling classes in Latin with the award el'illusione the ranks to become more humble, for a short period of the year, similar to the powerful , allowing them to publicly burlar rich wearing a mask on his face. A useful outlet valve to control the social tensions following the example of "Panem et circuses " Latin.
If once the Carnival was much longer and even began the first Sunday in October to increase the day after ' Epiphany , and culminate in the days that preceded the Lent , today Carnival has a period of about ten days at the time of the pre-Easter period, but the fever Carnival begins long before indeed, it is perhaps not incorrect to say that, Venice Fever Carnival never ceases during the year. A subtle euphoria creeps the streets of the most beautiful city in the world and grows imperceptibly, with salt water as naturally, blurs the outlines of things, suggests the mysteries and atmosphere of days gone by.
Once Carnival allowed to let the Venetians by the occupation to devote himself entirely to entertainment, we built the boxes in the main areas, along the Riva degli Schiavoni, in Piazzetta and Piazza San Marco . People flocked to admire the attractions, the most diverse: the jugglers, the acrobats, animals, dancing, acrobats, trumpets, fifes and drums were almost consumed by, the hawkers selling nuts , chestnuts and fritòle (fritters) and cakes of all kinds, very prudent to point out from the distant countries of their merchandise. The city of Venice , the great commercial city, has always had a privileged relationship with the distant countries, with the East in particular are not lacking in any edition of the Carnival , a reference, a Red wire that continues to tie the best-known celebration of the legendary Venetian Voyage of Marco Polo veneziano to China at the court of Qubilai Khan where he lived for about twenty-five years. Un Filo Rosso which winds along the old and infamous via the Silk Road.
Some carnivals have gone down in history: that of 1571 , in At the great battle of the Christian forces at Lepanto when, the Sunday of Carnival was set up a parade of floats: Faith dominates with over a foot dragon chained and was followed by the theological virtues, the overhung Victory and finally defeated Death with scythe in hand to signify that victory in that she had triumphed.
In 1664 on the occasion of the wedding at home Cornaro San Polo , you organized a great and fun to masquerade attended by many young patricians. A magnificent parade through Venice and was in stage two of the most famous monasteries of the city of San Lorenzo and that of San Zaccaria , where the nuns lived noble lineage. < br />
The February 27 1679 The Duke of Mantua followed by a parade of Indians, blacks, Turks and Tartars who, along the way, defied and fought six monsters, killed after they began to dance.
For the Carnival of 1706 : young noblemen disguised by the Persians and went through the city and then perform in shorts and parlatoi major monasteries of nuns (San Zaccaria and San Lorenzo).
Venice became the High School of pleasure and play, and the mask of irresponsibility. Venice became the great metamorphosis of the virtuous and the carnival was (and still is) his exploits.
For many days a year, the world seemed not to the more resistance want to become viable and there was no thought or act which is not possible. This was Venice in the eighteenth century, the century, more than any other, made it all on the infinite charm and heritage of fantasy world. Venice was then the world Giacomo Casanova , a world of superficial, festive, decorative and gallant, the world of painters like Boucher and Fragonard , Longhi , Rosalba Career and G iambattista Tiepolo , the birthplace of the father of Comedy of Character , one of the greatest authors of the European theater and one of Italy's most popular writers abroad: Carlo Goldoni that in a poem dedicated to the Carnival, so is the spirit of the festival:
"Here and there the wife the husband
Everyone goes where the par
Everyone runs to some invitation,
chi chi playing a ball ".
In the nineteenth century, instead, Venice and his Carnival embodies the romantic myth and the international city of Laguna, with its swampy brume and appearance, it becomes a destination for artists, writers, musicians, adventurers and beautiful ladies from around the world: Sissi of Austria , Wagner , Byron , George Sand , Ugo Foscolo .
The Carnival was a time of stagnation following the fall of the Republic of Venice as undesirable by the temporary occupation of Austria and France. The tradition is preserved in the islands, Burano , Murano , where he continued to celebrate. Only in the late seventies of the twentieth century, some citizens and civic associations pledged to move the Carnival that was opened in 1979 . Municipality of Venice , the Teatro La Fenice 's company provincial residence and the Biennale prepared a program for 11 days also leaves much room for improvisation and spontaneity not to mention logistical support with canteens and accommodation at affordable prices.
The Carnival of our days is a wonderful happening , which involves major sponsors, television networks, and cultural foundations that draws crowds of onlookers from around the world with thousands of festival masks and a peaceful occupation of Laguna showy.
Among the streets of the wonderful city for ten days, there is a continuous representation of theatrical joy and playfulness, all in masks to celebrate the charm of a world of dancing, jokes, and exclusive gala romantic encounters.